Instrumentation and Application of XRD

XRD stands for X-ray diffraction. It's a technique used to analyze the crystal structure of materials by examining how X-rays are diffracted as they interact with the atomic lattice of a sample.


XRD instruments typically consist of an X-ray source, a sample holder, and a detector. The X-rays are directed onto the sample, and the resulting diffraction pattern is recorded by the detector.


1. Material Characterization: Determines crystal structure, phase composition, and crystal orientation in a material.

2. Mineralogy: Identifies minerals in geological samples based on their unique diffraction patterns.

3. Pharmaceuticals: Analyzes the crystalline structure of drugs for formulation purposes.

4. Quality Control: Ensures the consistency and quality of manufactured materials, such as metals and ceramics.

5. Research: Widely used in scientific research to understand the properties of various materials at the atomic level.

XRD is a powerful tool for understanding the structural properties of diverse materials across various fields.

Read also: Validation of pH Measurement Testing

Resource Person: Abu Talha Bin Dil Chowdhury 

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